Beneficial Buffers: Native Plants For Ponds & Lakes In New York State
Establishing a beneficial buffer around your lake or pond’s shoreline and littoral zone can help reduce the likelihood of water quality issues and erosion damage. Buffers also provide habitat for native birds, help deter geese, and hinder mosquitoes by minimizing habitat for their breeding. Beneficial buffers should be composed of native grasses and flowering species and should extend three to five feet or more from the water’s edge to receive maximum benefits.
Below are native buffer plants to New York State. These plant species will help filter excess nutrients like phosphorus and nitrogen from entering the water column where they can potentially fuel algal blooms and nuisance aquatic plant growth. In addition, native plants can also help secure the shoreline with their roots, helping keep soil in place when natural erosion occurs.
Please reference the USDA plant database to confirm a plant is native to your area before adding it to your beneficial buffer.
Native Buffer Plants to New York State
American Cranberry Bush (Viburnum trilobum)
Black Cohosh (Cimicifuga Racemosa)
Black Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia Hirta)
Bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis)
Blue Mistflower (Conoclinium Coelestinum)
Bulrush (Schoenoplectus spp.)
Buttonbush (Cephalanthus Occidentalis)
Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)
Foam Flowers (Tiarella cordifolia)
Highbush Blueberry (Vaccinium Corymbosum)
Horsetail (Equisetum Hyemal)
Indian Wood Oats (Chasmanthium Latifolium)
Iris (Iris spp.)
Jewelweed (Impatiens capensis)
Lizard's Tail (Saururus cernuus)
Ostrich Fern (Matteuccia Todaro)
Penstemon (Penstemon Digitalis)
Pickerelweed (Pontedaria Cordata)
Redtwig Dogwood (Cornus Sericea)
Rush (Juncus spp.)
Shrubby Cinquefoil (Pentaphylloides floribunda)
Silverberry (Elaeagnus Commutata)
Spikerush (Eleocharis spp.)
Summersweet (Clethra Alnifolia)
Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata L)
Sweet Flag (Acorus Calamus)
Trillium (Trillium spp.)
Water Willow (Justicia Americana)
White Turtlehead (Chelone Hlabra)
White Waterlily (Nymphaea spp.)
Wild Columbine (Aquilegia Canadensis)
Winterberry (Ilex Verticillata)
Yellow Lilly (Nuphar spp)
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